Armand Pierre Fernandez, known as Arman (Nice, November 17, 1928 – New York, October 22, 2005) was a French painter and sculptor, and a co-founder of the New Realism (Nouveau Realism), the artistic movement that represents the man through everyday objects (shoes, watches, phones, etc…). He studied at the Ecole des Arts Decoratifs in Nice, where he met Yves Klein, then went to the Ecole du Louvre.
Arman’s first paintings were traditional until the early 50’s, but soon after this period he experimented a detachment and created artworks applying “stamps” or “cachets” on paper. Later, he developed another creation called Allure d’Objet, that consists in prints obtained by the movements of soaked objects.
In the early 60’s the artistic style of Arman underwent a change again, putting destroyed objects in his works. Among the leading exponents of New Realism, his particular achievements turn out to be expressive of the gear of consumerism, through the accumulation of identical items placed on the canvas in a geometric way, with order and elegance. This intersection between the canvas and the objects made Arman both a sculptor and a painter. He used to present himself perfectly as “un peintre qui fait de la sculpture” (a painter who does sculpture).