Born in 1922 in Klagenfurt (Austria), Mirella Bentivoglio first began writing books of poetry. She then explored the connection between language and image, joining the Concrete and Visual Poetry movements. In the 1960s, she moved to a personal form of object-poetry and during the 1970s, she gradually expanded her work to performance, action-poetry and environment-poetry. Bentivoglio staged solo exhibitions in museums and galleries such as Palazzo delle Esposizioni, Rome (1996), National Museum of Women in the Arts, Washington DC (1999), Oculus Gallery in Tokyo (2010) and Pomona College in Claremont, CA (2003 and 2015). Other notable exhibitions took place at Studio Eos in Rome (2013), Galleria dell’Elefante in Treviso (2015) and in the MACMA exhibition spaces in Matino, Lecce (2011 to 2013). She took part to group shows in museums and galleries in Europe, America, the Middle and Far East, Canada and Australia. She exhibited several times at the Venice Biennale (in 1969, 1972, 1978, 1980, 1986, 1995, with a performance in 2001 and finally, in 2009). She showed at Brazil’s São Paulo Art Biennial three times between 1973 and 1994, and at the Pompidou Centre in Paris three times between 1978 and 1982. She also showed at Documenta, Kassel (1982), at MoMA, NYC (1992), at Palazzo Pitti, Florence (2001) and at the Milan Expo (2015). Her installations and large structures in stone or wood can be found in the permanent collections of numerous museums, including MACRO in Rome, Ca’ Pesaro in Venice, the National Museum of Women in the Arts, Washington DC; the Getty Institute, Los Angeles; MoMA, NYC; MART, Rovereto; MAC, São Paulo, Brazil; the Uffizi Galleries and the National Central Library, Florence. The artist died in Rome in 2017.